The hottest food packaging law of the People'sRepu

2022-10-14
  • Detail

Food packaging law of the people's Republic of China

food packaging law of the people's Republic of China

Chapter 1 general provisions

Article 1 in order to protect the ecological environment, save earth resources, be conducive to human health, benefit future generations, promote the sustainable development of China's national economy and the implementation of "green

Packaging Engineering", so as to eliminate the harm caused by packaging waste, especially "white pollution", And then create a good self survival space for human beings. In accordance with the relevant provisions of the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste, the Interim Administrative Measures for the recycling and utilization of packaging resources is hereby formulated (hereinafter referred to as the measures)

Article 2 this "method" clarifies the packaging terms and classification of packaging, and stipulates the original management rules for the recycling of paper, wood, plastic, metal, glass and other packaging waste, recycling channels, recycling methods, classification principles, storage and transportation, recycling varieties, recycling methods, reuse technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules,

principles for the treatment, rewards and punishment of packaging waste, and supplementary provisions

Article 3 these measures are applicable to the recycling and management of paper, wood, plastic, metal, glass and other packaging resources, as well as the recycling and management of other packaging resources

Article 4 during the formulation of these measures, relevant national standards have been referred to and quoted. Chapter II packaging terms and classification

Article 5 packaging: these measures mainly refer to various packaging containers and auxiliary rib materials made of recycled paper, wood, plastic, metal and glass as raw materials

Article 6 comprehensive utilization: refers to the use of damaged packaging and the leftover materials of packaging after processing and restructuring to make a variety of auxiliary packaging materials or other products

Article 7 recycling: refers to the use of paper, wood, plastic, metal, glass and other packaging wastes and the leftovers after processing and restructuring as raw materials or mixed with raw materials to make pulp,

fiberboard, degradable plastics, metal ingots, glass and other recycled packaging materials. Article 8 packaging recycling management: refers to the organization, guidance, coordination and supervision of the activities in the whole process of packaging recycling and packaging waste treatment. Article 9 return unit: refers to the unit that provides recycled packaging

Article 10 reuse unit: refers to the unit that uses reuse packaging

Article 11 packaging recycling and reuse business unit: refers to the organization, management, processing and distribution of packaging recycling and reuse. Article 12 packaging waste: refers to the packaging that has been used and cannot be reused

Article 13 packaging waste treatment: refers to the intermediate treatment of packaging waste before the final treatment (i.e. recycling, other products of reformed packaging raw materials),

and the final treatment of packaging waste incineration and landfill

Article 14 hazardous packaging waste: refers to packaging waste that can cause harm to human beings, livestock and the ecological environment and other biological pollution

Article 15 paper packaging: refers to all kinds of paper packaging or potato pulp molding packaging made of paper or paperboard as the main raw materials. Article 16 this package refers to the package made of wood, plywood and fiberboard. Article 17 plastic packaging: refers to packaging made of degradable plastics and non degradable plastics

Article 18 metal packaging: refers to the packaging made of steel, iron, aluminum and other metal or alloy materials

Article 19 glass packaging: refers to the packaging made of glass as raw material

Article 20 special packaging: refers to one or a series of packaging for a certain or a certain kind of goods: such as special packaging for food, drugs, etc. Article 21 the package of dangerous goods refers to the package containing radioactive, toxic, explosive, flammable, corrosive, infectious and other characteristics harmful to human body, animals, plants and the ecological environment

Article 22 non special packaging: refers to packaging that can be widely used except special packaging

Article 23 recycled packaging: refers to packaging that can be recycled

Article 24 reusable packaging: refers to the packaging returned to the user for reuse, including packaging that can be used without finishing, repaired packaging and restructured packaging

Article 25 repair packaging: refers to the packaging that can only be used after repair processing

Article 26 reformed packaging: refers to the packaging processed with recycled packaging as the main raw material

Chapter III Management Principles of packaging resource recycling

Article 27 principle of conservation

1. All kinds of packages vacated or idle after the sale of goods by commodity business units should be recycled as much as possible, and high-performance measurement and amplification system should be equipped only when it is determined that it is not suitable to continue to be used

for scrap or final treatment

2. Packaging and recycling should be carried out in a timely manner, and certain personnel and sites should be arranged for collection, sorting, delivery and other work. When opening the package, try to avoid or reduce damage to the package

3. Recycling packaging should follow the principles of "reuse first, then return to the furnace" and "recyclable, not discarded" and "reuse of raw materials is the main, supplemented by processing and restructuring". Try to

make the recycling packaging can be used after a little restructuring and repair

4. Special packaging should adhere to the targeted recycling, and non special packaging should be recycled nearby according to reasonable transportation channels and economic areas. 5. The units using packaging should implement the principle of "old before new" in addition to military products, military supplies, exports, goods supplied by our foreign ships during the use of material tension testing machines and goods with special requirements for packaging, and give priority to the use of reusable packaging on the premise of ensuring product safety

6. In order to protect the goods, producers and sellers should try to reduce the volume and weight of various packages or packaging containers while appropriately packaging them,

in order to save the use of packaging raw materials

Article 28 safety principles

1. The reusable packaging shall comply with the technical standards of relevant national product packaging and the requirements of the measures to ensure the safety of goods in the process of transportation, storage and use

2. Reusable food packaging and drug packaging should comply with the provisions of the national food hygiene law, the drug law and relevant health standards

3. The recycling of dangerous goods packaging should comply with the relevant national standards and regulations on dangerous goods packaging and hazardous solid waste management. At the same time, the packaging of dangerous goods should be

recycled and reused in a targeted and designated way. Without harmless treatment, other goods should not be packaged, mixed with ordinary packaging or sold

4. The collection, stacking, transportation and storage of recycled general packaging and recycled dangerous goods packaging should be strictly separated

5. The packaging of dangerous goods does have its automatic return: when the recycling value is recovered after the automatic identification test is broken, it should be treated harmlessly and tested to meet the relevant national standards before it can be used as general packaging. The danger signs of dangerous goods

packages shall not be removed or changed before the confirmation period is harmless

6. It is forbidden to recycle and reuse any package that meets or exceeds the service life of national standards and relevant regulations

7. Packaging recycling and packaging waste treatment should also comply with national regulations and requirements on environmental protection, labor protection, public health and fire safety

8. The seller of goods shall not sell or give free plastic packages or containers without recycling marks with the goods, and shall not sell or give free plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.015

mm with the goods

Article 29 anti counterfeiting principle

1. Commodity sales packaging containers with design patents or well-known trademarks can only be recycled and reused by the original manufacturer of the commodity. Any other unit

or individual shall not recycle and reuse

2. For reusable packaging of the same kind and used by different manufacturers, the original packaging marks and trademarks must be removed, and the product marks and trademarks of the reuse unit must be covered again to strictly prevent counterfeiting

3. The recovered packages should be strictly controlled and managed. It is strictly forbidden for any unit or individual to use them to package fake and shoddy goods. Violators will be punished according to the relevant national laws and regulations

Article 30 business principles

1. Packaging recycling should follow the principle of combining benefits with economic benefits, and combining free recycling with paid recycling

2. The business principle of packaging recycling is "favorable at both ends, taking into account the middle", "two ends" refers to the return unit and reuse unit, "middle" refers to the packaging recycling

business unit

3. The packaging recycling business unit should do a good job in service, and facilitate the return unit and reuse unit in the aspects of recycling, processing, use, settlement, etc

Chapter IV recycling channels, recycling methods, grading principles, storage and transportation of packaging resources

Article 31 recycling channels

1. Give full play to the role of Commerce, grain, supply and marketing, materials, foreign trade, light industry, chemical industry, medicine and all departments and units engaged in commodity business

, and encourage the recycling of all kinds of packaging with certain value and possible recycling when selling commodities. 2. Organize professional institutions (i.e. packaging resource recycling companies) and professional teams to recycle

3. Select garbage classification and organize urban neighborhood committees, sanitation cleaning teams and sales vendors to recycle

4. Give play to the role of individual and waste material recycling stations (points) for recycling

Article 32 recovery method

according to the specific situation of each region and department, the following different methods can be adopted for recycling

1. Store recycling: that is, the packaging business unit sets up a recycling store to recycle

2. Door to door recycling: that is, the packaging business unit will regularly go to each return unit for recycling

3. Mobile recycling: that is, the packaging business unit will recycle at various sections from time to time

4. Entrusted recycling: that is, the packaging business unit entrusts other units or individuals to collect

5. Counter recycling: that is, retail, wholesale malls (stores) recycle from customers at a discount when selling goods

6. Counterpart recycling: bulk special packaging is directly returned to the business unit or manufacturer by the purchasing unit or user

7. Turnover and recycling: for the packaging turnover boxes (barrels) used internally by manufacturers and commodity business departments, a certain system or economic means shall be adopted to organize directional turnover

recycling

8. Fixed point recycling: that is, in urban residential areas, streets, factories, schools, organs, troops, hospitals, mass organizations, office buildings, parks, theatres, stations, yards

first-class public places, different models and categories of "eco boxes", "eco barrels" or "eco bags" are set up, and special recycling units are responsible for classifying paper, wood, metal

containers, glass and plastic at fixed times, fixed points Designate a special person to recycle

9. Deposit recovery: all packaging resources that should be recovered can be recovered by collecting a deposit when selling goods

10. Reward recovery: all units, departments, organs and groups can adopt the method of commission reward to encourage effective recovery

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI